The political system of the Russian Federation is a federal semi-presidential representative democratic republic in which the President of Russia is the head of state, and the Prime Minister of Russia is the head of government. The country is divided into 85 federal subjects, which are further divided into regions, districts, cities, and towns.
The Russian constitution establishes a system of checks and balances, with three branches of government: the legislative, executive, and judicial.
The Russian Federation is not a dictatorship in the strictest sense of the word, as it has a system of government that includes multiple branches of government and political parties that participate in elections. However, some experts and observers have raised concerns about the concentration of power in the hands of the President and the lack of genuine checks and balances on the executive branch.
Political parties in Russia are organized around various ideologies, including conservatism, socialism, liberalism, and nationalism. The most significant political parties in Russia are United Russia, the Communist Party of the Russian Federation, the Liberal Democratic Party of Russia, and A Just Russia.
There have been instances in which the government has taken steps to limit the freedom of the press and suppress opposition voices. The ruling United Russia party has been accused of using its dominant position to influence the outcome of elections. There have also been concerns about corruption and the lack of transparency in the government. These factors have led some people to question the degree of democracy and political pluralism in Russia.
Vladimir Putin is the President of Russia and has held this position since 2000 (with a brief period in which he served as Prime Minister). As a political leader, Putin's actions and decisions are influenced by several factors, including his personal beliefs and values, the needs and concerns of the Russian people, and the political and economic realities.
It is also important to consider the context in which Putin is operating. Russia is a large and influential country with a complex history and diverse population, and a range of domestic and international factors influences Putin's actions and decisions. These could include Russia's relationship with other countries, the state of the Russian economy, and the country's security concerns.
It is also likely that personal and ideological beliefs play a role in shaping Putin's decisions. It is difficult to identify specific drivers or motivations for an individual's actions without knowing more about the context in which they are made and the personal experiences and beliefs of the individual.